Already 99 Percent Distributed, KPU Promises Logistics Will Arrive on Time
The KPU emphasized that from 10-12 February 2024, the logistics distribution for the 2024 Election will move simultaneously.
The following article was translated using both Microsoft Azure Open AI and Google Translation AI. The original article can be found in Sudah 99 Persen Terdistribusi, KPU Janjikan Logistik Tiba Tepat Waktu
JAKARTA, KOMPAS - Two days prior to the voting day of February 14, 2024, the General Election Commission claimed that logistics distribution had reached 99 percent. All logistics have been sorted, folded, wrapped, and put into ballot boxes in order to arrive on time one day before the voting day.
"Currently, the distribution process is underway from the warehouses of the General Election Commission (KPU) to the sub-districts, villages, and neighborhoods to the polling stations (TPS)," said the Chairman of the General Election Commission, Hasyim Asy'ari, during a press conference at the KPU Building in Jakarta, on Monday (12/2/2024).
According to him, election logistics or the equipment needed for voting and counting votes, starting from ballot papers and vote counting forms that will be used to count votes, have all been sorted, folded, wrapped and put in the ballot box.
Several polling stations located near storage warehouses were also directly distributed without having to go through the district, village, or sub-district. This was done with the consideration that the KPU does not have a warehouse at the district level. By distributing directly to the polling stations, the KPU does not have to look for warehouses at the district, village, or sub-district level.
"Reports from district/city or provincial friends indicate that they have distributed logistics to TPS in various ways. "Starting from walking, riding a motorbike, car, or being transported via speed boat through the archipelago," he explained.
Report from the Provincial, District, and City General Election Commission states that the election logistics have begun arriving. Some that have not yet arrived at the polling station location are confirmed to arrive on time, one day before voting day. The Election Commission is committed to ensuring that the logistics will be available at the polling stations on voting day.
Member of the KPU, Yulianto Sudrajat, stated that since February 10-12, the distribution of logistics has been moving simultaneously. Almost 99 percent of election logistics have been distributed from the KPU regency/city to the district level. Most have already reached the village level.
"Specifically for 262 remote, outermost, and underdeveloped areas, we have instructed the district or city KPU to prioritize their distribution. It has been proven that starting from yesterday on February 11th, the distribution in Talaud Islands, Sangihe, and Miangas has begun and reached the sub-district level," said Yulianto.
He explained that the distribution of logistics in the outermost, deepest, farthest, and remote areas is assisted by the TNI, police, Ministry of Transportation, and local government because the KPU has limited fleet. Since the beginning, the KPU has mapped those areas so that the District, City, and Provincial KPU have established cooperation to ensure that the distribution runs smoothly.
Logistics distribution is being mobilized with every effort. Some are sent by helicopter, ox carts, and even because logistics in difficult areas are also carried and escorted by TNI and Police personnel.
"Of course, the target for tomorrow's H-1 is to distribute all logistics to the TPS. We ask for prayers so we can serve the political rights of Indonesian citizens on time so that all citizens can use their voting rights well," he said.
Specifically for the locations currently affected by the flood disaster in Central Java, Hasyim stated that the affected areas such as Grobogan, Demak, Kudus, and Demak, will continue to be monitored day by day. According to a report from KPU Demak, there are still several villages that are flooded and the timing of the water receding is still uncertain. Therefore, KPU will hold a meeting on the day before to ensure the election in the flood-affected areas.
Of course, the target for tomorrow's H1 is that the distribution of all logistics must have already arrived at the TPS. We ask for prayers so that we can serve the political rights of Indonesian citizens on time, so that all citizens can use their voting rights properly.
Association for Elections and Democracy researcher Ihsan Maulana said, referring to the results of the Kompas Research and Development poll on 29 January-2 February 2024, as many as 96.4 percent of respondents said they would exercise their right to vote on Wednesday 14 February. This is good news because there is an increase in election participation. However, the challenge that must be considered is related to election logistics.
"In terms of quantity, the election logistics should not be insufficient, especially as special reserve ballots are provided at each polling station, particularly for voters included in the Special Voter List (DPK)," said Ihsan.
However, according to him, KPU (General Elections Commission) must still anticipate the occurrence of a shortage of ballot papers due to problems such as problematic logistics distribution during shipment, damaged ballot papers, and even ballot papers being exchanged on election day. This is highly likely to happen. If it were to happen, voters would be the ones disadvantaged as they would not be able to exercise their voting rights.
According to him, the KPU needs to make risk mitigation if the above-mentioned issues occur. This mitigation is essential in order to ensure that voters' voices can still be channeled.
In addition to the availability of ballot papers, Ihsan also mentioned that the KPU needs to anticipate polling stations that accommodate potentially large numbers of voters. The KPU needs to mitigate the handling of polling stations that are projected to have a buildup of voters.
"The KPU also needs to inform the voters that they must be present at the polling station at the right time in order to avoid congestion, especially when the polling station is about to close," said Ihsan.
Previously, Bawaslu released that there are 18,656 polling stations categorized as vulnerable due to the potential for Special Voter List (DPK). This high DPK has prompted Bawaslu to remind KPU about the availability of ballot papers. Because, according to the rules, ballot paper reserves are only 2 percent of the DPT in the polling station.
In response to the high enthusiasm of the voters, Hasyim stated that the General Election Commission (KPU) welcomes and is delighted about the high participation of voters. At each polling station, the number of ballot papers produced is in accordance with the DPT data plus a 2 percent reserve from the DPT. The use of ballot papers is prioritized for the DPT because ballot papers are produced based on the DPT.
"If there are voters whose status is a transfer voter from one polling station to the intended polling station, they will be served as long as the ballot papers are still available at that polling station," he said firmly.
Special for the DPK voter category, the number is difficult to predict because they have not been registered in the voter list (DPT). The KPU has provided technical guidance to the provincial and district/city KPUs, so that DPK voters can exercise their voting rights according to the address listed on their ID cards (KTP). They can only be served one hour before the voting station (TPS) closes, from 12:00-13:00, and provided that there are still ballot papers available.
"For DPK, if they go to polling station 1 but the ballot papers are not available, they can still be moved to another polling station as long as it is within the same village or subdistrict as listed on their ID address," he emphasized.
Sufficiency of ballot papers
Vice President Amin hopes that there will be enough reserve ballot papers at the polling stations. The Election Commission is requested to anticipate this, especially in areas where there are expected to be a surge in voters. "Therefore, in addition to the existing 2 percent, larger reserves may need to be prepared for certain areas to avoid any shortage of ballot papers," said Vice President Amin.
For DPK, if he/she comes to TPS 1 and there are no available ballot papers, he/she can still be relocated to another TPS as long as it is still within the village or urban village area as stated on the relevant KTP address.
Furthermore, Vice President Amin also urges to ensure that there is no hostility due to the election. "In fact, we want the election to bring goodness and improve the situation. The election should not cause problems that lead to our regression due to hostility between each other," he said.
According to Vice President Amin, all parties must ensure that the election runs smoothly, honestly, and fairly. "And at polling stations, there are already organizers and witnesses. And everyone is watching, I believe. Hopefully there will be no unfairness. Our hope is for the election to run smoothly," he said.
Vice President Amin stated that on election day, Wednesday (14/2/2024), he will vote at a polling station near his residence in Cimanggis, Depok, West Java province.