Cybersecurity Still Threatens the Digital Ecosystem
Cybersecurity is still the main obstacle to implementing electronic or digital-based government systems.
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The following article was translated using both Microsoft Azure Open AI and Google Translation AI. The original article can be found in Keamanan Siber Masih Mengancam Ekosistem Digital
JAKARTA, KOMPAS – The threat of cyber security is still the main obstacle in efforts to implement electronic-based government systems. In fact, the integration of data servers from government agencies at the central and regional levels, plus the reduction of cyber threats can help accelerate the transformation of the digital ecosystem in Indonesia.
On the sidelines of the launch of the White Paper on the National Strategy for the Development of Digital Economy Indonesia 2030, in Jakarta, Wednesday (12/6/2023), Minister of Communication and Information Budi Arie Setiadi said Indonesia has 27,000 government data centers (servers), from the central, provincial, district/city, sub-district and village levels.
Of the 27,000 servers at the institutional level at both central and regional governments, only 3 percent of them have data center certification. Apart from making data integration difficult, differences in security standards for each government agency's servers also open up opportunities for cybercriminal activities that are dangerous to national security.
"Some administrators of government agency websites have implemented strict security standards, but some have not," said Budi.
Cyber security is indeed an important issue in the implementation of electronic-based government systems. To increase security, everything will be synergized in a national data center (PDN) or national data center.
This condition is in line with the report of Cyber Threat Landscape 2023 4th Edition, where Ensign InfoSecurity discusses several cyber security threats in Southeast Asia and surrounding areas, including Indonesia. One area that is considered the most vulnerable to cyber attacks in Indonesia is public services provided by the government.
Kompas noted that one of the attacks on government agency servers that was quite disturbing to citizens occurred in 2021, when there was widespread selling of Indonesian people's data on the Raidforums.com site, which the sellers claimed came from the Social Security Administration ( BPJS) Health.
“Cybersecurity is an important issue in implementing electronic-based government systems. "To increase security, everything will be synergized in a national data center (PDN) or national data center," said Budi.
The development of PDN in Cikarang, Bekasi Regency, West Java, is targeted to be completed by September 2024 since early 2022. PDN will become the foundation for accelerating the implementation of Electronic Based Government System (SPBE) which is in line with President Joko Widodo's instruction through Presidential Regulation Number 95 of 2019 about Electronic Based Government System or SPBE.
From the cost perspective, the Ministry of Communication and Information has recorded the total budget that needs to be spent by government agencies at both the central and regional levels to manage the operational maintenance and security of thousands of data centers, which can reach up to Rp 12 trillion per year.
Budi believes that the existence of PDN will reduce high costs as well as improve security and centralized data integration. In addition, the integrated SPBE through PDN is believed to make it easier to develop useful and targeted government services for the people.
"In actuality, various central and regional government agencies have already developed SPBE. Unfortunately, the implementation is still being done sporadically. Many data centers of these institutions are not interconnected with each other, making it difficult for service systems and data development," said Budi.
On a separate occasion, Deputy for Cyber Security and Cryptography and Human Development of the National Cyber and Cryptography Agency (BSSN), Sulistyo, said that his agency continues to conduct tests on the security system of the National Digital Network (PDN), both at the infrastructure and application levels.
"Talking about the development of PDN (Digital National Platform) is a matter of developing an ecosystem. Therefore, security testing should be carried out during the process of developing the ecosystem. Don't wait until the end when the ecosystem is already established before testing its security," he said.
Meanwhile, the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Airlangga Hartarto, stated that to serve as a reference for Indonesia's digital ecosystem transformation, the government has launched the White Book of National Strategy for the Development of Indonesia's Digital Economy 2030. Note: No translations required for PBB, PKS, or PPP as they are forbidden words.
The book serves as a guide for government agencies and other stakeholders in implementing digital economic development. The areas of regulation and cybersecurity are among the six main pillars in the book, which contains strategies for digital economic development in the country.
The five other pillars targeted for digital economic transformation include infrastructure for expanding internet penetration; human resources for digital talents; research, innovation, and development; business climate and entrepreneurship development; as well as financial inclusion.
Airlangga stated that the development of digital economy is prepared through three phases. The first phase is the preparation phase which starts with improving the basic digital foundation to ensure that the society is ready to transform. Meanwhile, the second phase is the transformation phase as an effort to realize a digital-literate ecosystem for society and businesses.
"As for the third phase, it is about leading by establishing standards in innovative technology for the future. This phase can be started in 2030 on the condition that we successfully produce 9 million new digital talents to fulfill the digital market demands," said Airlangga.
When this third phase has been passed, the target for 2045 is to achieve an improvement in Indonesia's digital competitiveness, which was ranked 51st in 2022, to 20th, with digital economy contributing 20 percent to the GDP.