Towards the end of 2022, one stage of the 2024 electoral process has been successfully completed, namely the verification and approval of the political parties participating in the election.
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The General Elections Commission (KPU) has approved 17 national political parties and 6 local political parties in Aceh, along with their registration numbers, as participants of the 2024 elections. This means that more political parties are taking part in the elections in 2024 compared to the 2019 elections, which saw the participation of 16 national political parties and 4 Acehnese political parties.
The registration of political parties occurred according to schedule and ran relatively smoothly, raising confidence that the 2024 elections would be held on time in a direct, public, free, safe, honest and fair manner.
As part of the efforts to maintain such expectations, the objections of the Ummat Party, the only political party that did not pass the verification stage, must be respected and processed according to the available mechanism. At the same time, the several parties’ views regarding integrity in the verification process are too valuable to be ignored, especially by the election organizers.
Moreover, the Election Vulnerability Index (IKP) for the 2024 general election and regional head elections (Pilkada), launched by the Elections Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) on Friday (16/12/2022), mentioned that among the four dimensions of the IKP, the actual balloting process contributes the most to potential election vulnerabilities. Bawaslu defines election vulnerabilities as anything that has the potential to disrupt or impede the democratic process of an election.
The IKP’s three other dimensions are the sociopolitical context, campaigning and political participation.
The results of the IKP highlight that the neutrality of the election organizers is very important, apart from their credibility and professionalism. The notes raised during the factual verification process have become another reminder of this for election administrators, particularly the KPU.
Further, more election stages will take place in 2023, each stage with its potential vulnerabilities, from determining the voter list and determining the legislative, presidential and vice presidential candidates, and to kicking off the campaign period.
A number of election stages will also elevate the political dynamics in the coming year. Lobbying and other approaches carried out by political party elites and their parties will escalate ahead of determining the legislative, presidential and vice presidential candidates. Their maturity and sense of responsibility are necessary to ensure that the atmosphere remains conducive. Such activities usually grow before the start of the campaign period when no rules have been issued. Their sense of responsibility is also necessary because it is expected that the government will face tough challenges, especially with regard to economic recovery.
Finally, the political process throughout this year has shown that the people are ready to take part in the 2024 election as scheduled. Do not let these beliefs and hopes be disrupted by unnecessary things, such as from the political elite, election organizers or participants.
This article was translated by Hendarsyah Tarmizi.