Emission Reduction Targets Are Increasingly Challenging
Secretary General of the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry (ESDM) Rida Mulyana on the first day of Indonesia Sustainable Energy Week in Jakarta, on Monday (10/10/2022), said the increase in the target showed optimism
Cooperation in reducing emissions is increasingly needed. There needs to be an orchestration involving all sectors, both public and private.
JAKARTA, KOMPAS — Indonesia's increasing carbon emission reduction targets in the Enhanced National Determined Contribution or ENDC document is quite aggressive and ambitious. This presents challenges as well as shows optimism in the transition toward cleaner energy.
Quoted from the Environment and Forestry Ministry (KLHK) website, the KLHK as the National Focal Point on the United Nations Framework for Climate Change (UNFCCC) has conveyed the increased ambition through the ENDC. Gradually, Indonesia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets will be in-line with the target towards net zero emissions (NZE) in 2060 or sooner.
In the ENDC, one of the updated targets is Indonesia's GHG emission reduction target by 2030. Previously, in the Updated NDC (UNDC), the emission reduction target was 29 percent with its own capabilities and is now at 31.89 percent. Meanwhile, the target for reduction with international support increased from 41 percent to 43.20 percent.
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Secretary General of the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry (ESDM) Rida Mulyana on the first day of Indonesia Sustainable Energy Week in Jakarta, on Monday (10/10/2022), said the increase in the target showed optimism. Consequently, collaborative work is increasingly needed. There needs to be an orchestration that involves all sectors, both public and private, given this is very challenging.
“(In achieving that target), we plan to develop a more aggressive renewable energy. In addition, it is also to capture future opportunities, including early termination of coal-fired power plants in the near future," said Rida.
For example, replacing diesel with gas or with renewable energy.
Rida added that a number of efforts were encouraged to achieve the ENDC, such as digitalization to decarbonization at the power plant level, both on a small scale, which is spread throughout Indonesia, and on a larger scale. For example, replacing diesel with gas or with renewable energy.
The issuance of Presidential Regulation (Perpres) Number 112 of 2022 on the Acceleration of the Development of Renewable Energy for the Provision of Electricity, said Rida, is one of the steps to achieve the target. The Presidential Regulation includes the early termination of coal-fired electricity plants (PLTU) and also incentives to strengthen renewable energy investments.
Acting Deputy for Maritime Affairs and Natural Resources at the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) Vivi Yulaswati said that efforts to accelerate the energy transition are in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2030. This includes reducing carbon emissions.
Currently, fossil energy is still dominant, even becoming a mainstay export commodity that contributes foreign exchange for Indonesia. Facing this challenge, one of the strategies of Bappenas, in its medium-term development plan, is low carbon development. To support this, various innovations are also continuously encouraged.
“Besides financing and technology, what is also important is how we build the capacity of all parties, including the community. The hope is that dependence on coal and related economic activities is slowly balanced by matters related to renewable energy. Renewable energy not only (must) exist, but is also sustainable,” said Vivi.
Executive Director of the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) Fabby Tumiwa added that in the midst of a very uncertain situation, with the rising prices of fossil fuel, which are also influenced by geopolitics, the current world energy crisis is considered the worst since the 1990s. Therefore, it is necessary to discuss changes in the energy landscape, including reducing carbon emissions in Indonesia.
On the other hand, the government is also increasingly moving toward a cleaner energy transition, one of which is through Presidential Decree No. 112/2022 which discusses the early termination of the PLTU. "This is not only a matter of change, but in accordance with the Paris Agreement. By 2030, 9.2 gigawatt coal-fired electricity plants should be retired," he said.
According to Thomas, sustainable clean energy can have an impact on regional economic growth, including for Indonesia itself.
Charge d'Affaires of the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Thomas Graf assessed that there was impressive progress from Indonesia in the development of renewable energy, including matters related to the issuance of regulations that support it. According to Thomas, sustainable clean energy can have an impact on regional economic growth, including for Indonesia itself.
Meanwhile, Japanese Ambassador to Indonesia Kanasugi Kenji said, as an archipelagic country, there are similar challenges between Japan and Indonesia. "Indonesia and Japan have cooperated. We will be happy to provide funding support,” he said. (DIT)
(This is translated by Hyginus Hardoyo)