Muhammadiyah’s Moderate Way
The first response starts from a reading of the crisis and decadence of Islam caused by its submission to modern ideologies and institutions that contradict the Islamic worldview.
Founded on 18 Nov. 1912, Muhammadiyah has passed one century of existence. The birth of Muhammadiyah was one of the milestones of the Islamic modernism movement in Indonesia.
The modernization of Muhammadiyah can be explained as a process of double translation as outlined by Charles Kurzman in Modernist Islam 1840-1940: A Source Book (2002), namely from modern values into Islamic terms and from Islamic values into modern terms.