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Land Biased Development

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SUWIDI TONO
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Two things have remained unchanged since the colonial era.  First is that population distribution and economic contribution of each region in the national aggregate income are relatively stagnant. Second, exports are dominated by extractive mineral commodities or their derivative products with limited added value (Hal Hill, Unity and Diversity, 1989).

The wide gap between Java and outside Java, or between western and eastern Indonesia, both in social justice and development is caused by a lack of an adequate stimulus to mobilize sources of economic growth and prosperity in the region. Another fact is the lack of attention given to island areas to get vital public service facilities (education, health and economic access).

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